Cellular automata (CA) are pretty straight forward mixers can simulate complex processes both in space and time. A CA includes six defining components: a framework, cells, an area, rules, initial conditions, as well as an update sequence. CA models are pretty straight forward, nominally deterministic yet able to showing phase changes and emergence, map easily to the data structures utilized in geographic computer, and are simple to implement and understand. It has led to their recognition for applications for example calculating land use changes and monitoring disease spread, among many more.
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