Speeding up Nuclear Innovation Through Advanced Modeling and Simulation
Typically, the simulation of nuclear energy systems continues to be according to empirical models, which requires extensive experimental data. Although simulations of the type can run rapidly, their me is restricted somewhere and types of conditions that the experiments specified for.
With advancements in nuclear engineering and connected domain sciences, information technology, high-performance computing hardware, and visualization abilities, new multiscale/multiphysics modeling and simulation (M&S) tools are enabling scientists to achieve insights into physical systems with techniques difficult with traditional approaches alone. Since these tools depend more about underlying physics than you are on empirical models, they’re more flexible, could be relevant to some wider selection of operating conditions, and wish less data, i.e., to validate the precision from the simulations, as opposed to the huge amounts of information needed to create the empirical types of the standard approach.
The NE Advanced Modeling and Simulation program has engaged researchers and scientists to build up new tools to evaluate and optimize the performance and longevity of existing and advanced nuclear power plants. Just before 2020, these efforts were conducted under two independent, complementary programs: the power Innovation Hub for Modeling & Simulation (Hub) and also the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling & Simulation (NEAMS) program. Because the Hub progressed toward its conclusion in June 2020, NE integrated LWR and non-LWR scope and research in to the NEAMS program.
Computational tools produced by the NE Advanced Modeling and Simulation programs are allowing researchers to achieve insights into current problems and advanced concepts in new ways, and also at amounts of detail determined through the governing phenomena, completely from important alterations in the types of materials of the nuclear fuel pellet fully-scale operation of the complete nuclear power plant.
In addition, if advanced reactors will be efficiently deployed, it is important that advanced M&S play a substantial role. Additionally to insufficient experimental data for advanced reactors, considerably different interdependence of neutronics, fuel response, and thermo-structural-fluids phenomena also pose unique multiphysics M&S challenges. Therefore, in lack of extensive experimental data and given physics interdependence, more mechanistic/predictive and multiphysics advanced M&S abilities are crucial of these concepts. Ideally, “;advanced” M&S ought to be “;flexible” M&S, in which a similar tools can be used as initial “low res” scoping/reactor design, and so the same framework put on optimization using “high res”/mechanistic advanced M&S – and integrated within innovative experimental testing program.
The NEAMS program is dedicated to dealing with NRC and vendors to help the faster deployment of advanced LWR technology and non-LWR reactors.