Carrying out a discussion of latest reviews, the authors reason that in resilience engineering (RE) there’s an excuse for more structured modelling methods for analysis of resilience in sociotechnical systems that may support both qualitative and quantitative studies. Within this paper the authors present agent-based modelling and simulation (ABMS) being an approach towards this finish. A real estate agent-based type of a sociotechnical system describes the performance and interactions of their constituent human operators and technical systems within an operational context. Meant for RE it may effectively be employed to evaluate the capacity of the sociotechnical system to cope with disturbances and gratifaction variability. The authors produce an RE cycle, which utilizes qualitative and quantitative ABMS phases for research into the adaptive capacity of the sociotechnical system. The main focus within this paper is around the qualitative ABMS phase, including the introduction of a qualitative model and mental simulation while using qualitative model. The model development is based on some model constructs, which represent key facets of evolution of agents’ states and agents’ interactions. The mental simulations use reasoning based on the qualitative model to structurally evaluate the interactions and dynamics from the performance within the agent-based model. Outcomes of the qualitative ABMS phase may be used to enhance the resilience of operations or they might be adopted by quantitative ABMS. The approach is presented at length for aircraft runway approach operations using conventional systems as well as an advanced aircraft surveillance application system.
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- Abstract reprinted with permission of Elsevier.