- (p.31) Adopting or Adapting Existing Instruments
- Developing Mix Cultural Measurement
Thanh V. Tran
- Oxford College Press
Both adopting and adapting existing research instruments frequently require translation from the selected instrument from the source language to some target language. Mix-cultural translation is among the major tasks in mix-cultural research. The job of translation gets to be more challenging when a musical instrument is converted into several target languages concurrently. The entire process of adopting and adapting existing research instruments involves (1) reviewing existing mix-cultural translation approaches and providing the readers practical guidelines (2) having a multilevel translation process encompassing back-translation, expert evaluation, cognitive interviews, focus group evaluation, and field evaluation and (3) evaluating the translation from the adopted or adapted instruments.
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